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Hiram Bronson Granbury
Confederate General

Killed at Franklin [Bibliography]

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7th Texas Infantry Regiment Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel

Brigadier-General Hiram Bronson Granbury was one of the most gallant of the valiant officers of the soldier State of Texas. Entering the Confederate army as captain of a company in Gregg's regiment, Seventh Texas, he went with his command to Kentucky, and at the organization, in November, 1861, was elected major. He was on duty in Kentucky until early in 1862, when the brigade to which he was attached was ordered to Fort Donelson. In the battle at that important post, in February, his regiment was in the gallant charge which successfully opened the way for the retreat of the Confederate army. That the opportunity was not improved was not the fault of the gallant men who gained the fight. Col. John M. Simonton, who on this occasion led the brigade, said of Major Granbury, that "he had now the confidence of his command and was entitled to the highest commendation of his countrymen." Col. John Gregg, of his regiment, also speaks well of the efficient assistance of Granbury. After the prisoners captured at Fort Donelson had been exchanged, Granbury was promoted to colonel of the Seventh regiment, August 29, 1862, and he commanded his regiment in north Mississippi, with Gregg's brigade, until after the fall of Vicksburg:. He distinguished himself at the battle of Raymond, Miss., where General Gregg. fought so valiantly the overwhelming masses of the Federals. He led this regiment in the battle of Chickamauga, and at Missionary Ridge until Brig.-Gen. James A. Smith was borne from the field severely wounded. Then Colonel Granbury took command of the brigade. On this day of disaster to the Confederates, Cleburne's division held its ground. More than that, Granbury, assisted by Cumming, from Stevenson's division, and Maney, from Walker's, made a charge and drove the enemy from their front. General Cleburne in his report said: "To Brigadier-Generals Smith, Cumming and Maney, and to Colonel Granbury, I return thanks for the able manner in which they managed their commands." At the brilliant battle of Ringgold Gap, which occurred two days later, Granbury commanded the Texas brigade. Here was inflicted such a repulse upon the enemy that the pursuit was completely checked. On this occasion General Cleburne said of Colonels Granbury and Govan, and Brigadier-Generals Polk and Lowrey: "Four better officers are not in the service of the Confederacy." On February 29, 1864, Granbury was commissioned brigadier-general in the provisional army of the Confederate States, his command being the famous Texas brigade, consisting of the Sixth, Seventh, Fifteenth, Seventeenth, Nineteenth, Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth regiments. Throughout the whole Atlanta campaign, from Dalton to Jonesboro, the fame of this brigade increased. lt carried off the honors of the brilliant victory at Pickett's mill, and materially helped in checking the triumphant advance of the enemy at the battle of Jonesboro. During the ill-fated Tennessee campaign of General Hood, in the fearful charge at Franklin, fell Gen. Pat. Cleburne, commander of one of the most renowned divisions of the Confederate army, and General Granbury, the leader of one of its most celebrated brigades. Their loss could never be compensated, and to this day the survivors of the army of Tennessee mention their names with reverence.
Confederate Military History
Side Confederate
State Texas
Born March 1, 1831
Copiah County, Mississippi
Died November 30, 1864
Franklin, Tennessee
Buried Granbury Cemetery
Granbury, Texas

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